Health: Maternity, babies advance amid care line

Maternal and infant mortality rates have fallen dramatically over the past century, thanks to advances in healthcare and technology. In the United States, the maternal mortality rate has declined by 99% since 1900, and the infant mortality rate has fallen by 90%.

These declines are due to a number of factors, including:

* Improved prenatal care: Prenatal care helps to identify and manage risk factors for maternal and infant mortality, such as pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, and preterm labor.
* Increased access to safe childbirth: Safe childbirth practices, such as cesarean section and episiotomy, have helped to reduce the risk of maternal and infant death during childbirth.
* Improved postnatal care: Postnatal care helps to ensure that mothers and infants are healthy after childbirth and that any complications are identified and treated promptly.

Despite the progress that has been made, maternal and infant mortality rates remain higher in some parts of the world than in others. For example, the maternal mortality rate in sub-Saharan Africa is 14 times higher than in developed countries. The infant mortality rate in sub-Saharan Africa is also 14 times higher than in developed countries.

There are a number of factors that contribute to these disparities, including:

* Poverty: Poverty is a major risk factor for maternal and infant mortality. Poor women are more likely to have inadequate access to healthcare, nutrition, and education.
* Lack of access to healthcare: In many developing countries, women do not have access to the healthcare services they need to prevent and treat maternal and infant health problems.
* Cultural barriers: In some cultures, there are beliefs and practices that can put women and infants at risk of death. For example, some cultures discourage women from seeking prenatal care or giving birth in a hospital.

Despite the challenges, there is a growing movement to reduce maternal and infant mortality rates around the world. This movement is being led by governments, international organizations, and non-profit organizations. These groups are working to improve access to healthcare, education, and nutrition for women and infants, and to change cultural practices that put women and infants at risk.

The goal is to ensure that every woman and every infant has the opportunity to survive and thrive. By working together, we can make this goal a reality..

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